White hibiscus native Hawaiian

Lavonne Leong; Photography by Olivier Koning

They came by air and by sea: seeds and spores that sailed on the ocean currents, drifted high in the atmosphere, and hitched rides with migratory birds. Once every 100, 000 years, a new plant made a lucky landfall and established itself in the young, isolated Hawaiian Islands. And then, often, it evolved. When Polynesians arrived in Hawaii, they found an archipelago already teeming with a diverse native flora. These plants, many found nowhere else on earth, became part of the medicine, the worship, the knowledge and the everyday lives—in short, part of the culture—of Hawaii before Western contact.

Hawaiian name: ohai

Once a common sight on Hawaii’s shorelines, ohai has become increasingly rare in the wild. It is still a favorite of lei makers and knowledgeable gardeners; ohai is a nitrogen-fixer, enriching soil for other plants.

Hawaiian name: pamakani

Many species are specific to one island, or even—as with this white-flowered relative of garden-variety violets—a single mountain range. Endangered Viola chamissoniana can be found only on three remote, rocky ridges in Oahu’s Waianae Range.

Hawaiian name: lehua, ohia lehua

In ancient times, a lehua was the first and finest warrior sent into battle. Native Hawaiians observed that on a barren lava flow, this was the first tree to plant its standard, and gave the ohia lehua its poetic name. Ohia lehua can be a creeping shrub or a towering tree, but all varieties of this indomitable species feature signature firework-burst flowers, in red, orange or, rarely, yellow (lehua mamo, pictured above). exceptionally hard wood was used for kapa beaters, poi boards, spears and canoe gunwales.

Hawaiian name: kokio

Native Hawaiians used the kokio, one of the showiest of native flowers, as an invisibility aid; valuable dye from the bark of this native hibiscus made nets and lines hard for fish to see underwater. Kokio was also used medicinally, as a tonic safe enough for children. While many of Hawaii’s native plants have become increasingly rare, the colorful, cultivated descendants of Hawaii’s native hibiscus species can be found in gardens and greenhouses throughout the world.

Hawaiian name: ihi

Ihi, a federally endangered purslane, survives in the wild on three uninhabited islets: Molokini and Puukoae Islet, both off the coast of Maui, and Kahoolawe.

Hawaiian name: kupukupu

In Hawaiian, kupu means “to sprout.” Since pre-contact times, hula halau have decorated their altars, and fashioned wrist, ankle, and head lei with the kupukupu fern in the hope that knowledge will take root and sprout within the dancer.


IH Hibiscus Clip Foam Flower - White
Beauty (IH)
  • For special occasions or every day wear.
  • Flower worn behind the right ear means the wearer is single and available.
  • Flower worn behind the left ear means the wearer is spoken for.
  • Flower total dimension: approximately 3 to 3.5 inch diameter.
  • Hawaiian Apparel or Accessories make a great gift for that special someone!
  • SEE PRODUCT DESCRIPTION FOR MORE DETAILS!

Hemp paper - great stuff, Kenaf - already legal

2007-02-28 13:06:20 by mansize

Kenaf makes an even better paper than hemp. The botanical name is Hibiscus cannabis and it looks rather like marijuana, though the two are not related. Buy kenaf paper if you can. The only company in the U.S. that produces kenaf paper is Vision Paper in New Mexico.
I like your 7 steps by the way, especially the 7th.
Tree pulp is not an optimal material for paper making. An elaborate series of steps is necessary to mechanically and chemically break down the rigid source material into usable pulp, and further processes are needed to render it white and smooth enough for printing


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